PragerU Videos Set 2. (Sample)

A 14db izgalmas, gondolatébresztő téma első videóját nézheted meg, illetve nézheted át a kapcsolódó segédanyagokat. A komplett tananyag feldolgozásának hogyan-ját a tanteremben, a Tannulói kézikönyvben találod meg.

15 Don’t Make Things Worse

Transcript

I never graduated college.

I never even went to college.

I went to the University of Digging Ditches on Construction Sites – go Fighting Shovels!

So, why should you listen to me?

Hmmm, let’s see… Well, I run a business that I built myself. So, let me give you a couple of tips.

I hire and fire people like you all the time. And I’ve seen a pattern with your generation—something I call “The Language of Losers.” Let me give you some examples:

“I did my best.” My assistant told me this once after screwing up royally. And I said, “Matt, if you did your best and you screwed up royally, then I need to fire you right now. The answer is either, ‘I didn’t do my best, I’ll do better next time’ or, ‘I’m drunk right now and need to sit down.’ So the phrase I’ve drilled into my employees is, ‘Don’t do your best; do my best.’”

Another example: I had a young employee once say to me, “I’m sorry. I screwed up. Next time, I’ll triple check.” And I said, “Did you single check? Did you double check? How did you get to triple check?” I know how he got to triple check. Single check is a screw up. Double check is…ehhhh…a flub. And triple check is, “Hey, what do you want from me?” So, he hopped right to triple-check after not single- or double-checking.

And the worst one—the one that’s driving me nuts, the one that’s destroying our society, the one that got hold of the piece of thread of the sweater of society and is just unraveling it: “I feel.” “I feel threatened.” “I feel I’m being treated unfairly.” “I feel you’re a bully.” You’re 23. You live at home. Your bed is shaped like a race car and it’s covered with stuffies and your huggie-bookie. Nobody cares how you feel.

So, no excuses. Please. If you do the job you’re hired to do and you do it well, your employer will never stop thanking you and lavishing you with ponies, and frankincense, and myrrh.

Now, you do your job well and you’re not rewarded? Someone else will find you and reward you. Believe me, that’s how the universe works.

But, let’s face it—the chances of any of you working for me are slim to none. The chances some of you may go out there and set some policy are pretty good. And most of you are going to vote on that policy. So, let me ask you a favor: please, stay away from my freedom.

If you want to know about the loss of freedom, look no further than the beach. I grew up in Southern California. I used to go to the beach all the time. There was one sign, and that sign read, “No lighting vans on fire and throwing the homeless into it.” Now you go to the beach and the sign looks like a menu from Fuddruckers. It never ends! No football. No fires. No smoking. No alcohol. And now, no frisbee. No digging. No sandcastle. No dogs.

The beach is a metaphor for this country. It’s freedom. It means freedom. Everyone who came to this country landed on the beach. They didn’t land in Nebraska. They pulled up to the beach, they cracked a beer, they lit a cigarette, and they threw a frisbee.

And now, you can’t do jack squat on the beach. Look no further than the beach sign from the fifties and the beach sign from 2018. All it gets is longer. And, do the politicians ever show up with their eraser and go, “Hmm…let’s remove a few of these Orwellian ideas that we put on this bonderized steel in front of the beach”? No! More things to assure we have a horrible time at the beach, don’t enjoy ourselves and, more importantly, could get a ticket—just because we’re there, trying to drink a cold one, make a sandcastle, and throw the dog the tennis ball.

Don’t be one of those people who adds to the sign on the beach. You be with me: sittin’ on a folding chair with a cigar between my lips and a beer between my legs.

So, you’re graduating and you’re all idealistic. You want to make the world a better place. Here’s my request: Don’t make it worse.

I’m Adam Carolla for Prager University.

Vocabulary A: text

I never graduated college.

I never even went to college.

I went to the University of Digging Ditches on Construction Sites – go Fighting Shovels!

graduate1: to get a degree, especially your first degree, from a university or college | Jenna and Michael have just graduated, and they are hugging to congratulate each other.

dig2: to make a hole in the ground or to move soil from one place to another using your hands, a tool or a machine | The dogs are digging a hole in the sand.

ditch3-4: a long channel dug at the side of a field or road, to hold or take away water | The ditch between the road and the field is filled with rain water. The workers are digging a ditch.

shovel5-6: a tool like a spade with a long handle and a broad metal part with curved edges, used for moving earth, snow, sand, etc. | This is a shovel: link. Mike’s favourite tool is his grandad’s old shovel.

So, why should you listen to me?

Hmmm, let’s see… Well, I run a business that I built myself. So, let me give you a couple of tips.

I hire and fire people like you all the time. And I’ve seen a pattern with your generation—something I call “The Language of Losers.” Let me give you some examples:

hire: to give somebody a job | Companies hire experienced workers. 

fire7: to force somebody to leave their job | John packed his office belongings after he had been fired.

“I did my best.” My assistant told me this once after screwing up royally. And I said, “Matt, if you did your best and you screwed up royally, then I need to fire you right now. The answer is either, ‘I didn’t do my best, I’ll do better next time’ or, ‘I’m drunk right now and need to sit down.’ So the phrase I’ve drilled into my employees is, ‘Don’t do your best; do my best.’”

screw up8: to deal with a situation very badly | Look! The hotel receptionist is shouting at the customer! Man! She’s screwing up.

royal9: connected with or belonging to the king or queen of a country | There is no one sitting on the royal throne.

royally: to a great degree; very much | Johnny royally disappointed his employers: he did not do his job well.

drunk10: having drunk so much alcohol that it is impossible to think or speak clearly | Sally drank too much champagne, so now she is drunk.

drill (something) into someone: to make someone learn or understand something by telling them about it many times | If you do something you should never do it half-heartedly. My parents drilled that into me when I was young.

Another example: I had a young employee once say to me, “I’m sorry. I screwed up. Next time, I’ll triple check.” And I said, “Did you single check? Did you double check? How did you get to triple check?” I know how he got to triple check. Single check is a screw-up. Double check is…ehhhh…a flub. And triple check is, “Hey, what do you want from me?” So, he hopped right to triple-check after not single- or double-checking.

check: to examine something to see if it is correct, safe or acceptable | In school, my teachers used to check my homework. 

flub: a mistake; an act of doing something badly | In the concert, Johnny made a mistake on the violin. It was a flub that everyone in the audience heard. 

And the worst one—the one that’s driving me nuts, the one that’s destroying our society, the one that got hold of the piece of thread of the sweater of society and is just unravelling it: “I feel.” “I feel threatened.” “I feel I’m being treated unfairly.” “I feel you’re a bully.” You’re 23. You live at home. Your bed is shaped like a race car and it’s covered with stuffies and your huggie-bookie. Nobody cares how you feel.

drive me nuts: annoy me greatly | The noises little pigs make always drive me nuts.

destroy11: to damage something so badly that it no longer exists, works, etc. | The dog has destroyed the Teddy Bear.

get hold of: to find someone or obtain (=have) something | Larry finally got hold of Chris in the late afternoon.

thread12: a thin string of cotton, wool, silk, etc. used for sewing or making cloth | There are many different colour sewing threads here.

unravel13: if you unravel threads that are twisted, woven or knitted, or if they unravel, they become separated | The blue knitted wool cloth is unravelling.

sweater14: a piece of clothing for the upper part of the body, made of wool or cotton, with long sleeves | The sweater is yellow.

threatened: If you feel threatened, you feel as if someone is trying to harm you | When walking home late at night, some people feel threatened when they see other people in the dark, so they do not feel safe.

treat: to behave in a particular way towards somebody/something | Some managers treat their employees badly.

bully: a person who uses their strength or power to frighten or hurt weaker people | In every school there is a bully.

stuffies15: plush toys or stuffed animals | The stuffies are on the bed.

huggie-bookie16: a child’s comfort blanket | Children are often attached to their blankets. This little girl is hugging her huggie-bookie.

So, no excuses. Please. If you do the job you’re hired to do and you do it well, your employer will never stop thanking you and lavishing you with ponies, and frankincense, and myrrh.

excuse: a reason that you give to explain or defend your behaviour | Courts of justice usually do not listen to the excuses of war criminals.

lavishing: spending, giving, or using more than is necessary or reasonable; more than enough | Parents of newborn babies usually love to lavish their baby with hugs and kisses. 

pony17: ​a type of small horse | The pony is eating grass.

frankincense18: a substance that is burnt to give a pleasant smell, especially during religious ceremonies | The frankincense is burning on hot coal.

myrrh19: a sticky substance with a sweet smell that comes from trees and is used to make perfume | In the biblical story, the wise men brought gold, frankincense and myrrh to the baby Jesus.

Now, you do your job well and you’re not rewarded? Someone else will find you and reward you. Believe me, that’s how the universe works.

reward: to give something to somebody because they have done something good, worked hard, etc. | My grandpa rewarded me and my brother handsomely (= with a lot of money, biscuits, chocolate etc.) whenever we helped him.

 

But, let’s face it—the chances of any of you working for me are slim to none. The chances some of you may go out there and set some policy are pretty good. And most of you are going to vote on that policy. So, let me ask you a favor: please, stay away from my freedom.

slim to none: almost none | “What are their chances of winning?” “Slim to none.”

policy: a plan of action agreed or chosen by a political party, a business, etc. | The new government would bring about a radical shift (= change) in policy if it came to power.

set policy: to decide on policy | The new prime minister set some new government policies. 

favor (BrE favour): a thing that you do to help somebody | I will ask Janet to take care of the kids. She owes me a favor.

If you want to know about the loss of freedom, look no further than the beach. I grew up in Southern California. I used to go to the beach all the time. There was one sign, and that sign read, “No lighting vans on fire and throwing the homeless into it.” Now you go to the beach and the sign looks like a menu from Fuddruckers. It never ends! No football. No fires. No smoking. No alcohol. And now, no frisbee. No digging. No sandcastle. No dogs.

van20: a covered vehicle with no side windows in its back half, usually smaller than a lorry, used for carrying goods or people | The van is speeding towards the sunset.

homeless21: having no home, and therefore typically living on the streets | The homeless man is sitting on the side of the street begging for money that people can put in his cup.

 

The beach is a metaphor for this country. It’s freedom. It means freedom. Everyone who came to this country landed on the beach. They didn’t land in Nebraska. They pulled up to the beach, they cracked a beer, they lit a cigarette, and they threw a frisbee.

crack (open) a bottle: to open a bottle and drink | Some people like to crack beer bottles open by using only their hands.

And now, you can’t do jack squat on the beach. Look no further than the beach sign from the fifties and the beach sign from 2018. All it gets is longer. And, do the politicians ever show up with their eraser and go, “Hmm…let’s remove a few of these Orwellian ideas that we put on this bonderized steel in front of the beach”? No! More things to assure we have a horrible time at the beach, don’t enjoy ourselves and, more importantly, could get a ticket—just because we’re there, trying to drink a cold one, make a sandcastle, and throw the dog the tennis ball.

jack squat: nothing; zero | I came out of that deal with jack squat.

can’t do jack squat: can do nothing; can’t do anything | My parents are taking away my hamster, and I can’t do jack squat about it.

look no further than: used to say that something is exactly what somebody needs, and so they do not need to consider any other options | To find a good deal on a new iPhone, you need look no further than your local electronics shop; you don’t need to go out of town to get a good deal.

eraser22 (BrE rubber): a small piece of rubber or a similar substance, used for removing pencil marks from paper | When you make a mistake in your exercise book, you can fix it by using an eraser.

bonderized steel: galvanised steel | It’s best if bonderized steel is painted immediately.

assure: to make something certain to happen; guarantee | Harriet Quimby was the first woman pilot that flew across the English Channel. This assured her a place in the history books. 

ticket23: an official notice that orders you to pay a fine because you have done something illegal | I got a parking ticket for parking somewhere where I was not allowed to.

Don’t be one of those people who adds to the sign on the beach. You be with me: sittin’ on a folding chair with a cigar between my lips and a beer between my legs.

folding chair24: a chair that can be folded flat for storage | Taking some folding chairs to the beach is very practical.

So, you’re graduating and you’re all idealistic. You want to make the world a better place. Here’s my request: Don’t make it worse.

request: the action of asking for something formally and politely; a thing that you formally ask for | I went to the shop assistant, and made a request for more information about a laptop.

I’m Adam Carolla for Prager University.

Vocabulary B: Images